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Byrd v. United States
Brief of the American Civil Liberties Union and the National Association of Criminal Defense Lawyers as Amici Curiae in Support of Petitioner.
Argument: The Fourth Amendment applies to the search of a rental car operated by an individual with express authorization to operate the vehicle. The Fourth Amendment applies to petitioner because he had a property interest in the rental vehicle at common law. The officers’ search intruded upon petitioner’s reasonable expectation of privacy. The ruling below disproportionately harms low-income individuals and people of color. The ruling below restricts Fourth Amendment protections for a ubiquitous part of the economy that is critically important to low-income individuals. The ruling below disproportionately harms people of color, who are more likely to be pulled over by police while driving and to be searched after being pulled over.