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Auman v. State
In the instant case, the lack of a causal link between the defendant's actions and murder committed by third-party after defendant was already in police custody does not support felony murder conviction; causation must be an element of proof for felony murder because it restricts the reach of the felony murder rule to those cases where defendant's liability is consistent with established principles of criminal responsibility.
Crawford v. Washington
U.S. Supreme Court Amicus curiae brief of NACDL, ACLU and ACLU of Washington.
Argument: The Court (Scalia, J.) ruled 7-2 that the Sixth Amendment "commands, not that evidence be reliable, but that reliability be assessed in a particular manner: by testing in the crucible of cross-examination." 124 S.Ct. at 1370. The Court emphasized that Confrontation Clause protection only applies to "testimonial" out-of-court statements, such as statements against penal interest (the statement at issue in this case). Encouragingly, the Court acknowledged its ruling creates some tension with other hearsay exceptions, such as spontaneous ("excited") utterances; the Court specifically refused to decide whether the Sixth Amendment incorporates an "historical" exception for dying declarations.