Brief filed: 02/01/2013
Maryland v. King
United States Supreme Court; Case No. 12-207
Decision below 425 Md. 550, 42 A.3d 549 (Md. Apr. 24, 2012).
Does the Fourth Amendment allow the States to collect and analyze DNA from people arrested and charged with serious crimes?
A state’s search for DNA samples from an arrestee’s body without a warrant or any basis for suspecting the DNA is connected to a crime is unreasonable, regardless of the balance of interests. Physically intrusive searches like the collection of DNA from inside an arrestee’s body require a warrant and probable cause. The balance of interests alone does no determine reasonableness even for less intrusive bodily searches. The state’s collection of DNA from arrestees falls outside the limited circumstances permitting warrantless, suspicionless searches. Accordingly, the judgment of the Maryland Court of Appeals should be affirmed.
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